Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Bion, Britton, and the Neo-Kleinian Model of the Mind: A Dialectical Critique

Donald L. Carveth


Bion’s shift from writing Ps → D to writing Ps ←→ D does not provide a genuine
resolution of Klein’s hierarchical, linear conception of the developmental
relationship between the paranoid-schizoid and depressive positions. While
Bion’s and Britton’s conception of creativity as involving cycles of disintegration
followed by reintegration recapitulates valid contributions by Kris,
Winnicott and Loewald, this paper calls into question the reductionistic
association of the paranoid-schizoid position with fragmentation rather
than order and the depressive position with order and depression.


paranoid-schizoid position, depressive position, emotional growth, dialectic, creativity

Full Text:


Journal production services provided by Becker Associates
10 Morrow Avenue, Suite 202, Toronto, ON, M6R 2J1
Telephone: 416-538-1650 | | Fax: 416-489-1713
Email: | | Web: